Research & Ethics Committee

At the National Orthopaedic Hospital Cappagh, we ensure research undertaken at the Hospital complies with ethical principles and relevant national, EU and international legislation. Moreover, the Research Ethics & Committee safeguards the rights of Hospital patients who participate in biomedical research studies conducted at the Hospital.

The Committee Chair, Mr Declan Herbert and 7 committee members evaluate, authorise, monitor and research applications in accordance with policy, ensuring conformance with the 1997 Guidelines and Recommendations for European Ethics & Committees.

The Research Ethics & Committee accepts and considers all Hospital research applications.

Applications must be completed and submitted electronically to CEOoffice@nohc.ie. A curriculum vitae, cover letter and additional information, may be included.

Download Applications and Information

Cappagh_DPIA_Template RF-NOHC-84
Standard Application Form Version 5.6 with Section E updates_20112019
Fact Sheet for applying to the Research Ethics Committee IM-NOHC-121

Investigators must prepare applications according to Hospital Policy (PP-COR-18), and successful applicants must adhere to the procedures outlined in the Hospital Policy.

Applications must comply with the Declaration of Helsinki, Irish Law and European Law.

 

  • A quorum comprising the Committee Chair, 2 Clinicians and two lay members, convene bi-monthly to assess applications.
  • The Research Ethics & Committee may seek clarifications for submissions.
  • Formal communications issue promptly confirming the Committee’s final decision. Applications may be approved, conditionally approved or rejected.
  • Investigators who receive approval can begin research post-haste
  • Conditionally approved applications must satisfy conditions outlined by the Committee before research can commence
  • Rejected applications can be re-submitted for consideration provided the primary basis for rejection is addressed.

Knowledge of face masks and attitudes to re-sterilisation among healthcare workers

Ciara O’Byrne, Fred Kenny, Sarah Eustace, John P. Gibbons
Ir J Med Sci. 2021 Feb 8 : 1–6.  doi: 10.1007/s11845-020-02493-z [Epub ahead of print]
PMCID: PMC7870031
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC7870031

Regional trauma patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic

Peter Staunton, John P. Gibbons, Peter Keogh, Paul Curtin, James P. Cashman, John M. O’Byrne
Surgeon. 2021 Apr; 19(2): e49–e52.  Published online 2020 Aug 13. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2020.08.003
PMCID: PMC7425548
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC7425548

Crisis change management during COVID-19 in the elective orthopaedic hospital: Easing the trauma burden of acute hospitals

John P. Gibbons, Siobhan Forman, Peter Keogh, Paul Curtin, Ruth Kiely, Geraldine O’Leary, Conor Skerritt, Kathy O’Sullivan, Keith Synnott, James P. Cashman, John M. O’Byrne
Surgeon. 2020 Sep 8  doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2020.08.008 [Epub ahead of print]
PMCID: PMC7834163
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/PMC7834163

Regional trauma patterns during the COVID-19 pandemic.

Staunton P, Gibbons JP, Keogh P, Curtin P, Cashman JP, O’Byrne JM.
Surgeon. 2020 Aug 13:S1479-666X(20)30115-3. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2020.08.003. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 32893129
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32893129/

Quantifying the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on orthopaedic trainees: a national perspective.

Sheridan GA, Hughes AJ, Quinlan JF, Sheehan E, O’Byrne JM.
Bone Jt Open. 2020 Oct 19;1(10):645-652. doi:10.1302/2633-1462.110.BJO-2020-0149.R1. PMID: 33215097;
PMCID: PMC7659703.
https://online.boneandjoint.org.uk/doi/full/10.1302/2633-1462.110.BJO-2020-0149.R1

Aspirin compared to enoxaparin or rivaroxaban for thromboprophylaxis following hip and knee replacement.

Ní Cheallaigh S, Fleming A, Dahly D, Kehoe E, O’Byrne JM, McGrath B, O’Connell C, Sahm LJ.
Int J Clin Pharm. 2020 Jun;42(3):853-860. doi: 10.1007/s11096-020-01032-1. Epub 2020 Apr 23.
PMID:32328957.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32328957/

Custom solution for PPE in the orthopaedic setting: retrofitting Stryker Flyte T5® PPE system.

Gibbons JP, Hayes J, Skerritt CJ, O’Byrne JM, Green CJ.
J Hosp Infect. 2020 Oct 26:S0195-6701(20)30497-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2020.10.016. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33122042; PMCID: PMC7587078.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33122042/

Crisis change management during COVID-19 in the elective orthopaedic hospital: Easing the trauma burden of acute

hospitals.

Gibbons JP, Forman S, Keogh P, Curtin P, Kiely R, O’Leary G, Skerritt C, O’Sullivan K, Synnott K, Cashman JP, O’Byrne JM.
Surgeon. 2020 Sep 8:S1479-666X(20)30121-9. doi: 10.1016/j.surge.2020.08.008. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 32980258.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32980258/

Placebo effects in musculoskeletal radiology procedures.

Sullivan CJ, Eustace SJ, Kavanagh EC.
Skeletal Radiol. 2020 Dec;49(12):1921-1924. doi: 10.1007/s00256-020-03542-5. Epub 2020 Jul 13.
PMID: 32661655.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32661655/

Prognostic Importance of Pathological Fractures in Osteosarcomas.

Sheridan GA, Mellon L, Thompson EM, O’Kane GM, O’Toole GC.
Ir Med J. 2020 Dec 16;112(10):1021.
PMID: 32311251.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32311251/

Gaelic Sport Injuries.

Sullivan CJ, Kavanagh EC, Eustace SJ.
SeminMusculoskelet Radiol. 2020 Jun;24(3):214-226. doi: 10.1055/s-0040-1708872. Epub 2020 Sep 28.
PMID: 32987421.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32987421/

Use of a novel corrective device for correction of deformities in adolescent idiopathic scoliosis.

Feeley I, Hughes A, Cassidy N, Green C.
Ir J Med Sci. 2020 Feb;189(1):203-210. doi: 10.1007/s11845-019-02031-6. Epub 2019 May 18.
PMID:31104287.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31104287/

Advantages and Design of PROMIS Questionnaires.

Gibbons D, Welch-Phillips A, Ahern DP, Butler JS.
Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Dec;33(10):408-410. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001056.
PMID: 32694468.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32694468/

Analysing the variation in volume and nature of trauma presentations during COVID-19 lockdown in Ireland.

Fahy S, Moore J, Kelly M, Flannery O, Kenny P.
Bone Jt Open. 2020 Nov 1;1(6):261-266. doi: 10.1302/2046-3758.16.BJO-2020-0040.R1.
PMID: 33215112; PMCID: PMC7659695.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33215112/

Current concepts and outcomes in cemented femoral stem design and cementation techniques: the argument for a new classification system.

Cassar-Gheiti AJ, McColgan R, Kelly M, Cassar-Gheiti TM, Kenny P, Murphy CG.
EFORT Open Rev. 2020 Apr 2;5(4):241-252. doi: 10.1302/2058-5241.5.190034.
PMID: 32377392; PMCID: PMC7202038.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32377392/

Infographics Improve Comprehension and Recall at the Orthopaedic Journal Club.

Hughes AJ, McQuail P, Keogh P, Synnott K.
J Surg Educ. 2020 Nov 16:S1931-7204(20)30389-5. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2020.10.012. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33214098.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33214098/

Custom solution for PPE in the orthopaedic setting: retrofitting Stryker Flyte T5® PPE system.

Gibbons JP, Hayes J, Skerritt CJ, O’Byrne JM, Green CJ.
J Hosp Infect. 2020 Oct 26:S0195-6701(20)30497-7. doi: 10.1016/j.jhin.2020.10.016.Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33122042; PMCID: PMC7587078.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33122042/

Is it safe for patients to drive after intra-articular knee injection?

Cassidy JT, McClean A, Hurley ET, Cashman JP.
Knee. 2020 Jun;27(3):690-694. doi: 10.1016/j.knee.2020.02.020. Epub 2020 May 4.
PMID: 32563424.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32563424

The development of natural polymer scaffold-based therapeutics for osteochondral repair.

Lemoine M, Casey SM, O’Byrne JM, Kelly DJ, O’Brien FJ.
Biochem Soc Trans. 2020 Aug 28;48(4):1433-1445. doi: 10.1042/BST20190938.
PMID: 32794551.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32794551/

Are Carbon-fiber Implants More Efficacious Than Traditional Metallic Implants for Spine Tumor Surgery?

McDonnell JM, Nagassima Rodrigues Dos Reis K, Ahern DP, Mahon J, Butler JS.
Clin Spine Surg. 2020 May 15. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001007. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 32427719.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32427719/

Multimodal imaging of composite carbon fiber-based implants for orthopedic spinal fixation.

Delaney FT, Denton H, Dodds M, Kavanagh EC.
Skeletal Radiol. 2020 Oct 17. doi: 10.1007/s00256-020-03622-6. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33068136.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33068136/

Is Multilevel Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (ALIF) Superior to Pedicle Subtraction Osteotomy (PSO) for Degenerative Lumbar Deformity?

Ahern DP, Welch-Phillips A, Cawley DT, Butler JS.
Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Feb;33(1):1-4. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000000817.
PMID: 30932932.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30932932/

A Systematic Review of Total Knee Arthroplasty in Neurologic Conditions: Survivorship, Complications, and Surgical Considerations.

Pomeroy E, Fenelon C, Murphy EP, Staunton PF, Rowan FE, Cleary MS.
J Arthroplasty. 2020 Nov;35(11):3383-3392. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2020.08.008. Epub 2020 Aug 8.
PMID: 32873450.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32873450/

Perioperative Mortality After Cemented or Uncemented Hemiarthroplasty for Displaced Femoral Neck Fractures-A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Fenelon C, Murphy EP, Pomeroy E, Murphy RP, Curtin W, Murphy CG.
J Arthroplasty. 2020 Aug 27:S0883-5403(20)30951-7. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2020.08.042. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 32943317.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32943317/

What Is the Superior Technique for Long Construct Spinopelvic Fixation in Adult Spinal Deformity Surgery: Iliac Screws or S2-Alar-Iliac Screws.

Welch-Phillips A, Ross TD, McDonnell JM, Ahern DP, Butler JS.
Clin Spine Surg. 2020 Dec 7. doi: 10.1097/BSD.0000000000001121. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 33290328.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/33290328/

Pigmented villonodular synovitis of the hip joint: Three cases demonstrating characteristic MRI features.

Sullivan CJ, Eustace SJ, Kavanagh EC.
Radiol Case Rep. 2020 Jun 24;15(8):1335-1338. doi: 10.1016/j.radcr.2020.05.067. PMID: 32617126;
PMCID: PMC7322487.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32617126/

BMI is a Better Predictor Of Periprosthetic Joint Infection Risk Than Local Measures of Adipose Tissue After TKA.

Shearer J, Agius L, Burke N, Rahardja R, Young SW.
J Arthroplasty. 2020 Jun;35(6S):S313-S318. doi: 10.1016/j.arth.2020.01.048. Epub 2020 Jan 24.
PMID: 32139192.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32139192/

Influence of a Preadmission Procedure-Specific Consent Document on Patient Recall of Informed Consent at 4 Weeks After Total Hip Replacement: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Power FR, McClean A, Cashman J.
J Patient Saf. 2020 Jul doi: 10.1097/PTS.0000000000000756. Epub ahead of print.
PMID: 32740133.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32740133/

Subperiosteal hematoma of the iliac wing presenting with leg weakness in a young adult footballer.

Hynes JP, Downey RE, Hughes N, O’Keane CJ, Kavanagh E.
Radiol Case Rep. 2020 Feb 12;15(4):424-426. doi: 10.1016/j.radcr.2020.01.019. PMID: 32082463; PMCID: PMC7021541.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32082463/

Mineral rich algae with pine bark improved pain, physical function and analgesic use in mild-knee joint osteoarthritis, compared to Glucosamine: A randomized controlled pilot trial.

Heffernan SM, McCarthy C, Eustace S, FitzPatrick RE, Delahunt E, De Vito G.
Complement Ther Med. 2020 May;50:102349. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2020.102349. Epub 2020 Feb 19.
PMID: 32444040.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32444040/

Are Virtual Fracture Clinics During the COVID-19 Pandemic a Potential Alternative for Delivering Fracture Care? A Systematic Review.

Murphy EP, Fenelon C, Murphy RP, O’Sullivan MD, Pomeroy E, Sheehan E, Moore
Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2020 Nov;478(11):2610-2621. doi: 10.1097/CORR.0000000000001388.
PMID: 32657810; PMCID: PMC7571975.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/32657810/

Primary total hip arthroplasty: registry data for fixation methods and bearing options at a minimum of 10 years.

Sheridan GA, Kelly RM, McDonnell SM, Walsh F, O’Byrne JM, Kenny PJ.
Ir J Med Sci. 2019 Aug;188(3):873-877. doi:10.1007/s11845-018-1948-1. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
PMID: 30560341.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30560341/

Whole-body MRI of bone marrow: A review.

Hynes JP, Hughes N, Cunningham P, Kavanagh EC, Eustace SJ.
J Magn Reson Imaging. 2019 Dec;50(6):1687-1701. doi:10.1002/jmri.26759. Epub 2019 Apr 23.
PMID: 31016800.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31016800/

Preoperative Patient Preparation Audit: Completed Loop Cycle.

Baig MN, Keady C, O’Malley S, Hurley CM, Murphy E.
Cureus. 2019 Feb 28;11(2):e4155. doi:10.7759/cureus.4155.
PMID: 31058038; PMCID: PMC6488341.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31058038/

Primary total hip arthroplasty: registry data for fixation methods and bearing options at a minimum of 10 years.

Sheridan GA, Kelly RM, McDonnell SM, Walsh F, O’Byrne JM, Kenny PJ.
Ir J Med Sci. 2019 Aug;188(3):873-877. doi:10.1007/s11845-018-1948-1. Epub 2018 Dec 17.
PMID: 30560341.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30560341/

Comparison of 4 different techniques in first metatarsophalangeal joint arthrodesis.

Maleki F, Ramesh A, Cassar-Gheiti AJ, Fox C, Kelly P, Stephens MM, McKenna
Ir J Med Sci. 2019 Aug;188(3):885-891. doi: 10.1007/s11845-018-01961-x. Epub 2019 Jan 8.
PMID: 30617457.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30617457/

Satisfaction of the Irish Trauma and Orthopaedic training programme with the Intercollegiate Surgical Curriculum Programme

Piggott RP, Kelly JC, MacNiocaill RF. 
Ir J Med Sci. 2019 Nov;188(4):1221-1226. doi:10.1007/s11845-019-01966-0. Epub 2019 Jan 21.
PMID: 30666587.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30666587/

An assessment of the quality of clinical records in elective orthopaedics using the STAR score.

Chalikonda L, Phelan N, O’Byrne J.
Ir J Med Sci. 2019 Aug;188(3):849-853. doi: 10.1007/s11845-018-1918-7. Epub 2018 Oct 20. PMID:30343353.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30343353/

Total hip replacement-the cause of failure in patients under 50 years old?

Burke NG, Gibbons JP, Cassar-Gheiti AJ, Walsh FM, Cashman JP.
Ir J Med Sci. 2019 Aug;188(3):879-883. doi: 10.1007/s11845-018-01956-8. Epub 2018 Dec 19.
PMID: 30569374.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30569374/

Geographical variation in musculoskeletal surgical care in public hospitals in Ireland: a repeated cross-

sectional study.

Walsh ME, Boland F, O’Byrne JM, Fahey T.
BMJ Open. 2019 May 29;9(5):e028037. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-028037. PMID: 31142532; PMCID: PMC6549729.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31142532/

Femoral offset found not to affect metal ion levels in metal-on-metal total hip arthroplasty.

Pomeroy E, Macnamara F, Murphy E, McGoldrick N, Mahapatra A, Awan N.
Ir J Med Sci. 2019 Feb;188(1):149-153. doi: 10.1007/s11845-018-1808-z. Epub 2018 May 7.
PMID: 29732504.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29732504/

Outcome of total hip and knee arthroplasty in HIV-infected patients: A systematic review.

O’Neill SC, Queally JM, Hickey A, Mulhall KJ.
Orthop Rev (Pavia). 2019 Mar 22;11(1):8020. doi:10.4081/or.2019.8020.
PMID: 30996842; PMCID:PMC6452098.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30996842/

Identifying Disparities in the Management of Hip Fractures Within Europe: A Comparison of 3 Health-Care Systems.

Murray CE, Fuchs A, Grünewald H, Godkin O, Südkamp NP, Konstantinidis L.
Geriatr Orthop Surg Rehabil. 2019 Sep 4;10:2151459319872941. doi: 10.1177/2151459319872941.
PMID: 31523475; PMCID:PMC6728671.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/31523475/

Degenerative tears of the posterior horn of the medial meniscus: correlation between MRI findings and outcome following intra-articular steroid/bupivacaine injection of the knee.

Byrne C, Alkhayat A, Bowden D, Murray A, Kavanagh EC, Eustace SJ.
Clin Radiol. 2019 Jun;74(6):488.e1-488.e8. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2019.02.007. Epub 2019 Mar 23.
PMID: 30914206.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30914206/

Orthopedic Surgery: A Randomized Control Trial Comparing the Effect of Case-Based Teaching and Bedside Teaching on Musculoskeletal OSCE Performance

Kelly M, Feeley I, Boland F, O’Byrne JM.
Undergraduate Clinical Teaching in. J Surg. Educ. 2018 Jan-Feb;75(1):132-139. doi: 10.1016/j.jsurg.2017.06.024. Epub 2017 Jul 15. PMID: 28720423.
https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/abs/pii/S1931720416303889

Practice and Future Directions. Semin Musculoskelet Radiol.

Eustace SJ, Zoga AC.
Musculoskeletal Radiology Around the Globe: Current 2018 Nov;22(5):509-510. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1673622. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
PMID: 30399614.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30399614/

Therapeutic Intervention in Musculoskeletal Radiology: Current Practice and Future Directions.

Walsh JP, Farrell TP, Hynes J, Hughes N, O’Byrne C, Eustace SJ.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2018 Nov;22(5):546-563. doi:10.1055/s-0038-1672193. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
PMID: 30399619.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30399619/

Role of Musculoskeletal Radiology in Modern Sports Medicine.

Hynes JP, Walsh J, Farrell TP, Murray AS, Eustace SJ.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2018 Nov;22(5):582-591. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1672191. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
PMID: 30399621.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30399621/

Musculoskeletal Imaging: Current Practice and Future Directions.

Farrell TP, Adams NC, Walsh JP, Hynes J, Eustace SK, Kavanagh E.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2018 Nov;22(5):564-581. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1673623. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
PMID: 30399620.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30399620/

Training in Musculoskeletal Radiology in Europe: Philosophy, Challenges, and Practical Implementation.

Eustace SJ.
Semin Musculoskelet Radiol. 2018 Nov;22(5):599-603. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1673382. Epub 2018 Nov 6.
PMID: 30399623.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30399623/

Scarf osteotomy without internal fixation for correction of hallux valgus: A clinical and radiographic review of 148 cases.

Curtin M, Murphy E, Bryan C, Moroney P.
Foot Ankle Surg. 2018 Jun;24(3):252-258. doi: 10.1016/j.fas.2017.02.014. Epub 2017 Mar 9.
PMID: 29409250.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/29409250/

InjectableViscoelastic Supplements: A Review for Radiologists.

Bowden DJ, Byrne CA, Alkhayat A, Eustace SJ, Kavanagh EC.
AJR Am J Roentgenol. 2017 Oct;209(4):883-888. doi: 10.2214/AJR.17.17847.
PMID: 28937277.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28937277/

The Challenge in Using Mesenchymal Stromal Cells for Recellularization of Decellularized Cartilage.

Huang Z, Godkin O, Schulze-Tanzil G.
Stem Cell Rev Rep. 2017 Feb;13(1):50-67. doi: 10.1007/s12015-016-9699-8.
PMID: 27826794.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/27826794/

3D Printing Aids Acetabular Reconstruction in Complex Revision Hip Arthroplasty.

Hughes AJ, DeBuitleir C, Soden P, O’Donnchadha B, Tansey A, Abdulkarim A, McMahon C, Hurson CJ.
Adv Orthop. 2017;2017:8925050. doi:10.1155/2017/8925050. Epub 2017 Jan 10. PMID: 28168060; PMCID: PMC5259605.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/28168060/

Vertebroplasty in the treatment of recalcitrant lower back pain attributed to Modic 1 changes.

Kavanagh L, Byrne C, Kavanagh E, Eustace S.
BJR Case Rep. 2018 Feb 12;4(2):20170092. doi: 10.1259/bjrcr.20170092.
PMID: 30363161; PMCID: PMC6159118.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30363161/

 

 

Differing MRI appearances of symptomatic proximal hamstring tendinopathy with ageing: a comparison of appearances in patients below and above 45 years.

Bowden DJ, Byrne CA, Alkhayat A, Kavanagh EC, Eustace SJ.
Clin Radiol. 2018 Nov;73(11):922-927. doi: 10.1016/j.crad.2018.06.014. Epub 2018 Aug 23.
PMID: 30146066.
https://pubmed.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/30146066/

 

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